Congratulations on choosing Mozambique as your holiday destination. Mozambique can be considered one of the best tropical vacation destinations in the world, with miles of coastline and pristine natural areas. If you come to Mozambique, you will be pleasantly surprised by the hospitality of the Mozambicans, they are really friendly and open people.
Meanwhile, Mozambique is an African Third World country where time is generally different than most Western countries are accustomed to. If you approach the country for what it is, you will love it, even the smiles of local people!
The name of Mozambique is derived from the name of an Arab sultan, Muç Alebique, and is a country in Southeast Africa. Mozambique borders the following countries:
– North by Tanzania
– Orient by the Indian Ocean
– Southwest by Swaziland and South Africa
– West by Zimbabwe
– Northwest by Zimbabwe and Zambia
– Mozambique and member of SADEC – Commonwealth of Nations Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries and an observer from the Francophonie.
The capital of Mozambique is Maputo (formerly Lourenço Marques).
Mozambique has many beautiful beaches along its 2,700 km of coastline.
Major cities in Mozambique and some beaches are:
– Maputo, Inhaca, Ponta do Ouro, Macaneta
– Inhambane, Tofo, Barra
– Beira, Inhaminga
– Xai Xai, Chongoene, Chidenguele
– Nampula, Nacala,
– Lichinga, Nangade
About Maputo (formerly known as Lourenço Marques)
Maputo is a coastal city. Visitors can enjoy the various restaurants and lawns that serve a variety of locally caught seafood, or visit the fish market along the seafront, where you will find fish and various fresh seafood that you can order on the barbecue without much effort.
Book one day to travel to Macaneta Beach, and another to Inhaca Island, a popular spot for snorkeling and dolphin and whale watching. City tours are available to explore the architecture, history, culture and cuisine (Railroad Station, Steel House, Museum of Natural History, Municipal Building, Wood Arts, Central Market, Pau Fair, Seafood – http://www.mozambiquecitytours.com/
To the north of Maputo, in the province of Gaza, are the famous beaches of Bilene and Xai-Xai. These offer you a choice of water sports, fishing and relaxation in the luxurious setting that will entice you to linger longer and return at one time to another.
They are bustling cities with markets, basic shops, restaurants, bars, gas stations, banks and post office in Xai-Xai.
Traveling in Mozambique
Mozambique was once a major tourist destination before the 16-year civil war, which ended in 1992, and is regaining its reputation as one of the most beautiful places in Southern Africa.
Mozambique is truly blessed with a rugged rugged coastline – eager to be cherished and explored by you. In 2008, around 1.7 million tourists visited Mozambique, mainly from neighboring South Africa.
History of Mozambique
According to the History of the Discoveries, Mozambique was discovered by Portuguese Vasco da Gama in 1498 and colonized by Portugal in 1505.
By 1510, the Portuguese controlled all the former Arab sultanates on the East African coast. From about 1500, Portuguese trading posts and forts became regular ports of call on the new route to the east.
Mozambique is an unknown gem, offering heavenly islands and endless beaches, wonderful weather, pristine coral reefs and friendly people.
Birds: November to February
Mozambique has 600 species of birds. Due to the Mozambican ecosystem, there are a variety of forest habitats, rivers, wetlands and wetlands. For the avid bird watcher to be there on time is very important. End of November to February are the best times to see the various types of birds. Special types of cuckoo can be seen in November and December. February is best for rare migratory warblers that may appear.
Botany: January to December
Mozambique has a wonderful climate, allowing several plants to flower throughout the year. Mozambique has pristine coral reefs, pristine blue waters, white sand beaches, dune forests and freshwater lakes, creating an ecological fortress. The vegetation along Mozambique includes a variety of exotic flowers, forests, 21 types of vegetation and 191 types of trees and shrubs.
Over 1200 species of fish have been recognized along the coast of Mozambique, most of which live along coral reefs, mainly in Maputoland, Inhaca Island, Inhambane and Pebane area and along the Quirimbas Archipelago, in the far north. The reefs of Mozambique are on the same level as the Great Barrier Reef in Australia. Marine population to be seen inclue: kingfish, mackerel, marlin, barracuda, dolphin, the infamous dugong, sharks and more. Five species of turtle use Mozambique as fertile land; it could be a unique experience to see a sea turtle.
– Mozambique is also a popular tourist destination due to its islands:
– Bazaruto Archipelago
– Inhaca Island
– Ibo Island
– Island of Mozambique
– Quirimbas Archipelago
At the northern tip of Mozambique is the ** Niassa Reserve **, one of the largest protected forest ecosystems in the Miombo. The Niassa Reserve has some amazing features and a lovely concentration of wildlife. Niassa is surrounded by many rivers and is twice the size of South Africa’s Kruger National Park.
Wildlife includes: 12,000 elephants, 9000 antelopes of sable, buffalo, Hartebeest, Eland, Zebra, Kudu, Bushbuck, Impala, Wildebeest, Waterbuck, Reedbuck, Hippopotamus, Duiker and Warthog. Lion, Leopard and Spotted Hyena can also be seen. Up to 200 African wolves on the brink of extinction can be found in Niassa. Other animal reserves include: Gorongosa National Park (in Sofala) and Banhine National Park (Gaza).
The people of Mozambique
The central-northern provinces, Zambézia and Nampula, are the most populous, with about 45% of the population. The estimated four million macuas are the dominant group in the northern part of the country. The Sena and Shona (mainly Ndau) are prominent in the Zambezi valley, and the Shangaan (Tsonga) predominate in southern Mozambique.
Other groups include Makonde, Yao, Swahili, Tonga, Chopi and Nguni, Portuguese, Indian, Pakistani, Arab and Chinese.
Rules to take into account when visiting Mozambique
– Always keep your seat belt when in the car;
– Always stay within speed limits;
– When accessing the beaches, use existing roads and paths.
– Avoid getting your car into areas where there are no roads, due to the possibility of land mines;
– Driving on beaches in general is not allowed, however a license can be obtained from the maritime delegation;
– It is not allowed to drive or introduce your vehicle in local plantations;
– Please help keep Mozambique free of garbage.
– The use of fireworks is not allowed.
– Fires are only allowed in designated areas.
– Camping on the beaches is not allowed.
Keep in mind that fishing is the livelihood of local fishermen, do not disrespectfully interfere with their activities.
When recruiting local people, prior agreement on service charges to minimize exploitation and misunderstandings. Children often stay away from school to earn extra income.